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This page was last updated on 2 November, 2015.

Glossary of terms
Below the definition of some words used on this site. Please read them because the truth often is in the small detail.


NMD



Night:



Morning can mean:



Evening can mean:



Between the evenings:


Eve has come:


Morrow:


Num 33:3 And they departed from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month; on the morrow after the passover the children of Israel went out with an high hand in the sight of all the Egyptians.

Deut 16:1 Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover to the LORD your God: for in the month of Abib the LORD your God brought you forth out of Egypt by night.

It’s often assumed morrow means morning but the above 2 verses clearly show that, in this case, “morrow” was the night of the next day because “by night” and “morrow after Passover” are the same events.


Day:

Those who have checked the well know Strong lexicon know that day is translated from the Hebrew word yom. Other (modern) linguists believe the word 'yom' has the meaning of 'heat' or 'hot'. Other linguists believe 'yom' refers to active’ or 'time of activity’. Not total agreement but for the sake of this discussion they actually agree. The time of activity was always during daytime which in Israel usually was hot.

That means both groups of linguists believe 'yom' is 12-day. The daylight portion of the 24 hour calendar day.


I think day can be a bit confusion as it’s in English. There is a 24-hour day with is the calendar day/date and a 12-hour day which is the daylight portion of the 24-hour day.

In cases it’s not very clear what type of day is meant I’ll use:

More information on how God defines the 12-day and parts of the 24-day click here for an article about the creation account.

shachar: H7837 - dawn

alah : H5927 - to go up, ascend, climb


Neh 4:21 So we labored in the work: and half of them held the spears from the rising of the morning till the stars appeared.

This verse defines a complete working day. Dawn to dusk “till the stars appeared”.


1Sam 9:26 And they rise early, and it comes to pass, at the ascending of the dawn, that Samuel calls unto Saul, on the roof ….


Gen 19:15 And when the morning arose, then the [heavenly] agents hurried Lot, saying, Arise, take thy wife, and thy two daughters who are here, lest thou be consumed in the iniquity of the city.


Ps 57:8 You are my glory; let the instruments of music be awake; I myself will be awake with the dawn.



As you can see morning/dawn is often linked to ascend, climb and go up. That's exactly what dawn is all about. While not visible yet the sun started to climb and started illuminating the sky. Dawn is also linked to getting up early and so defining the start of the Hebrew work and rest days.


Conjunction (Astronomical New Moon)
Conjunction is when the moon is directly between the earth and the sun. Because the sun is directly behind the moon at this point, the moon is not visible from earth (except during solar eclipses).


Equinox
An equinox occurs twice a year, when the tilt of the Earth's axis is inclined neither away from nor towards the Sun, the center of the Sun being in the same plane as the Earth's equator Click.  The vernal equinox, also referred to as the "spring equinox," occurs between March 19 and March 21 on the Gregorian calendar.  The Autumnal equinox occurs around September 22.


Solstice
A solstice is an astronomical event that occurs twice each year as the Sun reaches its highest or lowest point relative to the celestial equator on the celestial sphere. As a result, on the day of the solstice, the Sun appears to have reached its highest or lowest annual altitude in the sky above the horizon at local solar noon. The word solstice is derived from the Latin sol (sun) and sistere (to stand still), because at the solstices, the Sun stands still in declination; that is, the seasonal movement of the Sun's path (as seen from Earth) comes to a stop before reversing direction. The solstices, together with the equinoxes, are connected with the seasons.  The term solstice can also be used in a broader sense, as the date (day) when this occurs. The day of the solstice is either the longest day of the year (in summer) or the shortest day of the year (in winter) for any place outside of the tropics. Click  The Summer solstice generally occurs around June 21 on the Gregorian calendar.  The Winter solstice generally occurs around December 21.

The solstices are essentially the mid-point between the equinoxes.  Half-way between the Spring equinox and the Fall (Autumnal) equinox is the Summer solstice, which is the longest day of the year.  Half-way between the Fall (Autumnal) equinox and the Spring equinox is the Winter solstice, which is the shortest day of the year.