Exodus

Version 2
Work in progress.
Still adding and reorganizing material.

Main page

— PREAMBLE —

- Pharaohs

- Moses


— IN MIDIAN —

- Midian

- Wilderness

- Burning bush

- Mountain of Fire


— WHEN —

- Generations

- New chronology 1

- New chronology 2


— PREAMBLE —

- 10 plagues

- Tiny Exodus

- Big Exodus

- Travel days


— RED SEA —

- Unknown

- Reeds, papyrus

- Located

- Changes


— PLACES —

- Succoth

- Etham/Shur


— ROUTES #1 —

Pharaoh → Red Sea

- Routes map

- Roads to Etham

- Wadis to Etham

- Etham → Tip Aqba

- Etham → Nuweiba


— CROSSING —

- Tip of the gulf

- Nuweiba Beach


— ROUTE #2 —

Red Sea → Mt. Sinai

- Marah

- Dopkah

- Alush

- Sinai option 1

- Sinai option 2


— MISC —

- Moon Mountain

- In the land of

- Travel days

- List of stops

- Water from rock

- Jordan crossing



- Maps & Lists



This page was last updated on 4 March, 2017.

Crossing the Jordan river


What happened is this: When the priests touched the water it was blocked upstream. The priest kept standing there and waited for the remainder of the water from upstream passing by. After a while the river dried up and everybody crossed the Jordan.


Introduction

Josh 3:1 And Joshua rose early in the morning; and they removed from Shittim, and came to Jordan, he and all the children of Israel, and lodged there before they passed over.

Josh 3:2 And it came to pass after three days, that the officers went through the host;

Why did they wait for three days?


Josh 3:8 And you shall command the priests that bear the ark of the covenant, saying, When you are come to the brink of the water of Jordan, you shall stand still in Jordan.

The priests were standing for a longer period of time.


Josh 3:13 And it shall come to pass, as soon as the soles of the feet of the priests that bear the ark of the LORD, the LORD of all the earth, shall rest in the waters of Jordan, that the waters of Jordan shall be cut off from the waters that come down from above; and they shall stand on an heap.

‘come down from above’ means upstream.
The verse states the water stopped flowing upstream


Josh 3:15 And as they that bore the ark were come to Jordan, and the feet of the priests that bore the ark were dipped in the brim of the water, (for Jordan overflows all his banks all the time of harvest,)

When feet of the priests touched the edge of the water/river….


Josh 3:16 That the waters which came down from above stood and rose up on an heap very far, from the city Adam, that is beside Zaretan: and those that came down toward the sea of the plain, even the salt sea, failed, and were cut off: and the people passed over right against Jericho.

… the water stood in a heap, stopped flowing, at a far away city called Adam. It was cut off at that town.
Why did the Jordan stop flowing very far away near the town Adam and not near Jericho where they were crossing?

I added the , as I think it makes the translation more accurate.


If the water instantly stopped flowing at the town called Adam, it would take some time for the river to dry up where they tried to cross because all the water that was already passed Adam, would still flow past the people.


Tamam, the Hebrew word for failed, supports that view.

The grammatical form of tamam (to end) is always used of a coming to  an end over time. There are two sets of waters referred to:  The ones descending from upward (from Adam)...these heaped up.  The ones descending to the sea, because these were cut off from the waters that ended up in a heap, they came to an end. This speaks of a coming to an end over time.  You can see the same thing in verse 17, where the people crossing the river came to an end as well, this also taking place over time until the last one crossed over.



Josh 3:17 And the priests that bore the ark of the covenant of the LORD stood firm on dry ground in the middle of Jordan, and all the Israelites passed over on dry ground, until all the people were passed clean over Jordan.

One thing is sure, were they crossed the Jordan is was dry.



Interpretation

A lot of info is packed in the above verses but it’s so very easy to miss the details and just assume things.



What happened is this: When the priests touched the water it was blocked upstream. The priest kept standing there and waited for the remainder of the water from upstream passing by. After a while the river dried up and everybody crossed the Jordan.




About vowels and consonants

If they crossed near Jericho, and the water stopped when the priests touched it, why is that far away town Adam even mentioned? For what reason? Let’s investigate some information about that town.



Like every language, Hebrew changed over time. The ancient Hebrew had no vowels. In English that would mean an alphabet without A, E, I, O or U.

Test → tst

Testing → tstng

Walk → wlk

Walking → wlkng

Adam → dm



While the Hebrew language was written without vowels, vowel sounds where used when speaking Hebrew. The pronunciation of a written word involved adding consonant sounds.

The pronunciation was passed on from generation to generation until 800-900AD

In that century the Masoretes copied the ancient vowel-less manuscripts and added vowels signs/points so the pronunciation was known from the text. Not just from passing down from generation to generation.
All OT translations are based on the Masoretic text.

It’s not certain that the pronunciation was flawlessly passed down generations.


Click here for more information on vowels.




The location of Adam

In the Masoretic text Adam is written as ‘dm.
The is the vowel sign the Masoretes added to the original word dm.

Arabs don’t use the at the start of a word but add something at the end of the word. Over time a lot of Hebrew names were replaced with Arabian versions. The town Damiya.





The crossing of the Jordan was near the blue circle near Jericho.
The red circle is the town Adam = ‘dm = dm = Damiya.

The distance between those locations is about 15 miles




Earthquakes

Professor Amos Nur -click- searched historical references to Damiya and the Jordan and found records of earthquakes in 1160, 1267, 1534, 1546, 1834, 1906 and 11 July, 1927. Those earthquakes caused mud slides near Damiya which cut the off the flow of the Jordan for 1 or 2 days.


Adam means earth. And that town is mainly known for earth slides. Coincidence? Was it (re)named after the fact? I don’t know but it looks like it wouldn’t be the first time. We usually read about Sodom and Gomorrah but there were 3 smaller cities nearby. (Gen 19:20)


Gomorrah = "submersion" →Archeologist found evidence for a sunken town.

Sodom = "burning"
Lasha = "fissure" → earthquake

Admah = "red earth"

Zeboim or Zeboiim = "gazelles"

The first 3 names are very odd. Who would call a town burning before it burned down?




Ps 114:1 When Israel went out of Egypt, the house of Jacob from a people of strange language;

Ps 114:2 Judah was his sanctuary, and Israel his dominion.

Ps 114:3 The sea saw it, and fled: Jordan was driven back.

Ps 114:4 The mountains skipped like rams, and the little hills like lambs.

Ps 114:5 What ailed you, O you sea, that you fled? you Jordan, that you were driven back?

Ps 114:6 You mountains, that you skipped like rams; and you little hills, like lambs?

Ps 114:7 Tremble, you earth, at the presence of the Lord, at the presence of the God of Jacob;

Ps 114:8 Which turned the rock into a standing water, the flint into a fountain of waters.


Does Psalm 114 in a very poetic way describe an earthquake and and a landslide blocking the Jordan?



Presently the Jordan river isn’t very wide because lots of water for irrigation is taken from it. But it used to be very wide during spring time. When it flooded it was about half a mile wide. Likely the situation was similar during the crossing.






So God used natural ways to accomplish His miracle. If God didn’t trigger the earthquake that caused the river to stop, then His timing was miraculous.