Exodus

Version 2
Work in progress.
Still adding and reorganizing material.

Main page

— PREAMBLE —

- Pharaohs

- Moses


— IN MIDIAN —

- Midian

- Wilderness

- Burning bush

- Mountain of Fire


— WHEN —

- Generations

- New chronology 1

- New chronology 2


— PREAMBLE —

- 10 plagues

- Tiny Exodus

- Big Exodus

- Travel days


— RED SEA —

- Unknown

- Reeds, papyrus

- Located

- Changes


— PLACES —

- Succoth

- Etham/Shur


— ROUTES #1 —

Pharaoh → Red Sea

- Routes map

- Roads to Etham

- Wadis to Etham

- Etham → Tip Aqba

- Etham → Nuweiba


— CROSSING —

- Tip of the gulf

- Nuweiba Beach


— ROUTE #2 —

Red Sea → Mt. Sinai

- Marah

- Dopkah

- Alush

- Sinai option 1

- Sinai option 2


— MISC —

- Moon Mountain

- In the land of

- Travel days

- List of stops

- Water from rock

- Jordan crossing



- Maps & Lists



This page was last updated on 4 July, 2017.

The burning bush

Was the burning bush really a miracle as in impossible from a scientific view?

Or was it one of God’s events with impeccable/miraculous timing?


1. Gas in Midian

Most of Saudi Arabia's non-associated gas reserves (Mazalij, Al-Manjoura, Shaden, Niban, Tinat, Al-Waar, etc.) are located in the deep Khuff reservoir, which underlies the Ghawar oil field. Another large gas field, called Dorra, is located near the Khafji oil field in the Saudi-Kuwaiti Neutral Zone and may be developed by Japan's AOC. Natural gas also is located in the countries extreme northwest, at Midyan.

Country Analysis: Saudi Arabia     &    Country analysis brief


Both active and dormant volcanoes once in a while vent volcanic gas. Because the land of Midian contains many volcanoes that’s another possible fuel source for the burning bush.



Brief explanation:

It’s possible that  gas seeped trough cracks in the rocks, under a bush. Then the gas was ignited by sun heat, a spark, lightning or something else. Not the bush but the gas was burning.



2. The bush would almost instantly burn up

Exodus 3 describes a bush that keeps burning for considerable time. If it was a natural even caused by gas wouldn’t the bush quickly burn up and turn to ashes? Moses clearly states it turn to ashes.


The soil of as-Sahil is generally poor, affording only a scanty pasture, but it produces in abundance the acacias called Samur f and Seyal.J The former yields a gum inferior in quality to that of al-Higaz (Hijaz), and the latter plenty of wood for burning into charcoal. The Bedooins dispose of these articles at Muweilah, or at Suweis, and sometimes even in Kahira (Kahirah).

"Notes Taken during a Journey Through Part of Northern Arabia, in 1848"


Georg Wallin states a certain species of acacias don’t burn to ashes but to charcoal. So, in theory, the bush can burn up in few minutes, it keeps it shape in charcoal form. After burning to charcoal, not the wood, but the gas is the fuel for the fire. The burning bush would end with when the gas supply was cut off or the charcoal-bush finally crumbled.


3. Volcanic activity

I’m not aware of any records of natural gas finds in the Sinai Peninsula area.

There are also no records of volcanic activity in that area for over 4,000 years


But there is natural gas found in Midian. And there are records of volcanic activity in the mountain area of Midian in the last 4,000 years.


All of the above aligns, or at least doesn’t contradict the Exo 3:1-2. The fire was on a mountain and the bush burned from middle of the bush. Middle is another small hint and confirmation. That sounds like a vent in the middle of the bush causing the fire. Yes it can also be simply understood as the whole bush was on fire. But still….


Exod 3:1 Now Moses was keeping the flock of Jethro his father-in-law, the priest of Midian: and he led the flock to the back of the wilderness, and came to the mountain of God, unto Horeb.

Exod 3:2 And the angel of Jehovah appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed.



As shown on the page called “When?” on this site, Exodus started around 1213 BC. That’s well within the 4,000 year range.


Volcanic area’s have very fertile soil. That means good pastures, the place to be as a shepherd.


According to David George Hogarth, in his 1978 book "Hejaz before World War I", a Midianite tribe called the Billi, lead their flocks into the cooler fertile mountains in the volcanic region called harrah. Harrah is the Arab name for volcanic lava fields.

Click     Click


All that makes Midian a far better candidate for the burning bush than Sinai Peninsula. If… the above natural explanation is accepted as a possibility :-)



4. None of the above

Reasons for the fire not being natural